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Precision Medicine Interventions in Alzheimer’s Disease


Start Date
End Date
Total Funding
€ 2 000 000
Funding Programme
European Countries Involved

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is characterized by brain nerve cell death and dementia, but before dementia, leading up to these final and irreversible end-points we first see loss of synapses, which are the contacts between nerve cells allowing us to think, learn and function as independent beings. Coincident with early synaptic loss we also see activation of brain immune cells, eventually leading to brain inflammatory processes. These immune cells, called microglia. are intimately connected to the synapses, pruning and nurturing connections along with normal learning- and homeostatic processes in the healthy brain. Connected to incipient AD pathology immune cell properties are changed, inflammatory processes predominate, and synapses are lost. However, the impact of these changes varies both between patients and disease stages. Interestingly, inflammation and synapse loss are linked to premorbid genetic predispositions, and proteomic changes in cerebrospinal fluid and blood, and imaging changes, as seen e.g. with brain magnetic resonance techniques. Thus, PMI-AD will profile each patient for these types of changes, as a starting point for precision therapies. In parallel, the changes will be modelled in AD patient-derived (stem cell) immune- and nerve cell cultures, where effects of putative therapeutic interventions will be tested. The most promising therapies will be further tested in AD transgenic animal models, and adapted to therapeutic trials in patient cohorts stratified and targeted for stage, immune activation and synaptic affection. Lastly, impacts on societal health- and care costs will be calculated based on diagnostic and intervention-strategies needed for clinical implementation.

Project partners

University of Oslo
VU University Medical Center
Karolinska Institute
University Medical Center Ljubljana
University of Gothenburg
University of Copenhagen
University of Bucharest

Alzheimer Europe's database on research projects was developed as part of the 2020 Work Plan which received funding under an operating grant from the European Union’s Health Programme (2014–2020).