Basket | Login


New Alzheimer Europe survey highlights significant barriers to timely diagnosis of dementia and access to post-diagnostic support across five European countries

Tuesday 26 June 2018

Brussels, 26 June 2018 – In a report presented today at a lunch debate hosted by MEPs Olga Sehnalová (Czech Republic) and Sirpa Pietikäinen (Finland) in the European Parliament, Alzheimer Europe highlighted significant barriers to timely diagnosis across Europe.

The findings of the five-country study were presented by the academic lead of the research Prof Bob Woods (Bangor University, Wales, UK).

  • Carers reported significant delays in diagnosis as it took an average of 2.1 years to receive the diagnosis (ranging from 1.6 years in the Czech Republic and Italy to 2.5 years in Scotland). A quarter of the people with dementia had been diagnosed with another condition prior to dementia.
  • At the time of diagnosis, around half of people were at the mild stage of dementia (53%), a third at moderate (36%) and 4% at severe stage. Almost half of the carers (47%) felt that the diagnosis would have been better earlier (ranging from 36.5% in the Netherlands to 52.1% in Italy).
  • Amongst the key identified barriers to earlier diagnosis, carers reported the first professional seen not considering that anything was wrong (33%) or believing it was not worth pursuing a diagnosis (6.6%) and the refusal of the person with dementia to seek help (37.9%).
  • Overall, one in five people with dementia were not informed of their diagnosis. Important differences exist in this respect across countries. In Finland, Scotland and the Netherlands almost every single person with dementia had been informed of their diagnosis (98.9%, 95.6% and 91.8% respectively), whereas in the Czech Republic and in Italy, several people with dementia had not been told about it (23.3 % and 59.3% respectively). 
  • Post-diagnostic support is still a major issue across Europe. 19% of the carers and 27.9% of people with dementia did not receive any information at the time of diagnosis.  The need for information on coping and living well with dementia and on available services was particularly high (51.1% and 46% respectively). Carers in Finland and in the Netherlands were overall the most satisfied with the information received. Carers in Italy were less happy for all types of information received.
  • The services which carers were most often offered at the time of diagnosis included a contact with a named person or service who could assist them in signposting services or whom they could contact as needed (20.9%), day care (19.2%) and dementia cafes (18.7%). Several carers did not have access to an assessment of their own needs (50.9%), a care plan for the person with dementia (44.6%) and counselling services (44.6%), but would have liked to have used these services.

Olga Sehnalová, MEP (Czech Republic) welcomed the survey findings: “As a Member of the European Parliament and the European Alzheimer’s Alliance, I am interested in how European countries differ in their approaches to dementia. Despite the growing recognition of dementia as a public health priority and the development of national dementia strategies, the Alzheimer Europe survey highlighted that important barriers to timely diagnosis continue to exist. Although in the Czech Republic, the time to diagnosis is relatively short compared to other countries, we cannot consider it a success that it takes more than one year and half. I hope that EU initiatives such as the EU Joint Action on Dementia will identify good practices and make recommendations on how to improve timely diagnosis and post-diagnostic support across all European countries.”

Sirpa Pietikäinen, MEP (Finland) and Vice-Chairperson of the European Alzheimer’s Alliance stressed: “I was delighted to see that people with dementia in Finland were systematically informed about their diagnosis and included in care planning decisions. Despite this, the delays before receiving a formal diagnosis on dementia remain significant. Across Europe, we need to continue to invest in awareness raising campaigns of the general public, medical training of general practitioners and specialists and address some of the system delays when it comes to referrals and access to diagnostic services.”


For further information, contact:

Jean Georges, Executive Director of Alzheimer Europe, 14, rue Dicks, L-1417 Luxembourg, Tel.: +352-29 79 70, Fax: +352-29 79 72,,,


The full report “European Carers’ Report 2018: Carers’ experiences of diagnosis in five European countries can be bought online from Alzheimer Europe at EURO 5.20:

Survey: The five-country survey was conducted by Alzheimer Europe and its national member organisations in the Czech Republic, Finland, Italy, the Netherlands and Scotland, UK. A total of 1,409 carers participated in the study. The majority were women (82.8%), adult children (52.6%) or spouses (35.6%), identified themselves as main carer or sharing this role with another person (73%), had a median age of 57 and were overall quite well educated (51.5%  had completed tertiary education). The median age of the people with dementia to whom the carers were providing care to was 77 years old and the majority were women (61%). The survey was made possible thanks to an educational grant by Roche.