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Appendix – Translations of impairment and disability

2017: Dementia as a disability? Implications for ethics, policy and practice

The table below contains translations of the terms impairment and disability in several languages. These terms have been taken, where possible, from examples provided on http://www.linguee.com, focusing on terms used in translations of the second paragraph of article 1 of the CRPD (often derived from documents on http://eur-lex.europa. eu). The text is as follows:

“Persons with disabilities include those who have long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which in interaction with various barriers may hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others.”

This text was chosen as it makes a distinction between the two terms but it should also be borne in mind that it reflects the social model of disability. In everyday life, many people use other terms and in some cases do not make a distinction between the two (e.g. in the Czech Republic and Bulgaria). Translations are not included for a couple of countries due to failure to reach consensus on the translation of either term.

We did not have access to qualified translators with expertise in the field of disability. The following table is only intended to help non-native English speakers have a better idea of the terminology being used in this report. We welcome any feedback (info@alzheimer-europe.org).

Language

Translation of impairment

Translation of disability

Bulgarian

увреждане

увреждане

Czech

zdravotní postižení

zdravotní postižení

Danish

funktionsnedsættelse

handicap

Dutch

beperking

handicap

Finnish

toiminnanrajoite

vamma

French

incapacité

handicap

German

Beeinträchtung

Behinderung

Italy

menomazione

disabilità

Luxembourgish

Aschränkung

Behënnerung

Norwegian

funksjonsnedsettelse

handikap

Polish

naruszoną

niepełnosprawnych

Portuguese

incapacidades

deficiência

Romanian

incapacităti

handicap

Slovakian

porucha

zdravotne postihnutie

Spanish

deficiencia

discapacidad

Swedish

funktionsnedsättningar

funktionshinder

 

 
 

Last Updated: Tuesday 13 February 2018

 

 
  • Acknowledgements

    The discussion paper “Dementia as a disability? Implications for ethics, policy and practice” received funding under an operating grant from the European Union’s Health Programme (2014–2020).
  • European Union
 
 

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